Even China Should Have Freedom of Speech
By Elaine Meinel Supkis
I was the American advisor for the Chinese students who demonstrated in front of the UN in NYC for over a month back when the famous Tiananmen Square massacre happened. I went to the Chinese consulate on 42nd Street to deliver a message from my parents and myself when they locked the doors and wouldn't let me in, even though they knew me well, thanks to the long association my parents had with working in China for over 10 years.
I was ordered by the police to go across the street so I read the message with my very loud, bull horn level voice, shaking with rage. I then yelled I was going to stand there until someone came out to take my message. Within minutes, I was surrounded by bewildered and very angry students who asked who I was and wanted to know, what to do. Within minutes, I was explaining how to protest without being arrested, how to handle the press, how to do many things. So they voted me, on the spot, to be their advisor.
We failed to stop the government crackdown but our protests forced Bush the elder to not repriate the students back to China for punishment for being in front of the UN, we also sprang several Chinese out of prison, thanks to CNN which was a splendid news outlet back then (alas!). The Chinese government listed me as an "enemy of the state" and I thought this was totally hilarious since my own country had listed me as that, too! International enemy number 3! That's me!
Well, the Chinese government is cracking down again, stupidly and dangerously. Unlike in past times, this won't stick because wealth comes from freedom and freedom is freedom of speech and they better not shut us up!
They got Google and Yahoo and Microsoft to shut up. They think, the Chinese people are too dumb to figure things out.
Hate to clue you guys in, but even Americans can finally figure out things (I hope!). America has severely curbed freedom of speech despite the First Amendment, repeatedly, especially when they want to wage war and shut up any critics. During the Cold War, we had near zero freedom of speech, literally, if you wrote anything slightly off center, one was watched like a hawk and if one wrote like me, or worse, do cartoons! Well!
Enemy of the state!
China is abuzz about magazines and newspapers being suddenly shut down this week. Here is an example, in Chinese and English, I am doing this to add it to Google and pray Google googles this in China (hah!):
自然，这场谈话在前述种种背景之下，已经成了一场滑稽剧。很明显，这是"上面"少数人在背后操纵，团中央在前台扮演丑角。我据理向社长、总编辑痛斥这份" 决定" 和中宣部《新闻阅评》的荒唐，并向他们宣告：我将正式向党中央纪律检查委员会控告这次非法行为。
Care of ESNW (http://www.zonaeuropa.com/20060126_3.htm)
Dear news media colleagues, intellectuals, legal professional friends and devoted readers of Freezing Point inside and outside of China:
On January 24, 2006, Tuesday, which the deadline for the Freezing Point weekly magazine, the Beijing editorial staff of Freezing Point worked as usual to edit and proof-read the weekly edition scheduled for January 25. At just after 4pm, we were ready with everything and the pages were forwarded to the editor-in-chief for review and print. The unusual aspect was that there was no reaction for a long while. We gathered that all the newspaper leadership had been called to the League Central Office for an emergency meeting and nobody was minding the store. This meant that something extraordinary was about to happen.
Then the skies fell down. The newspaper will be published as usual, because this is our obligation to our subscribers and readers. We looked for any possible errors and we patiently waited for the breaking event. Based on the fact that the Central Propaganda Department never ceased in their criticisms of Freezing Point and most recently the Central Propaganda Department criticism group issued an Cultural Revolution-style critique of Yuan Weishi's essay on "Modernization and Historical Textbooks" on the Internet, I suspected that it was my moment to be dismissed as the editor-in-chief.
But the contemptible level was beyond the imagination of ordinary person. At just after 5pm, the telephone calls from various media friends around the country began to arrive. They told us that they have received the notice from the Central Propaganda Department, the State Council and the Beijing News Office to "not report or comment on the stoppage of Freezing Point," "not attend any press conference given by the editorial and reporting staff of Freezing Point," "not hype," "maintain the distance" and so on. Thereafter, the overseas media reporters called non-stop to ask me to confirm the facts. But until 7pm, nobody had notified me formally. When the newspaper leadership returned from the meeting the League Central, they went into a meeting to discuss matters. I was the last person to know about this affair. All the information proved that this was something certain persons in the upper level of the party dared to risk public contempt and plotted carefully to take this action. This action had no legal or constitutional basis, and seriously violated and trampled upon the party constitution and political standards of the party.
As a professional media worker, I cannot understand the stoppage of Freezing Pont. I cannot accept this. A newspapers is a public instrument. The newspaper has a social contract with the subscribes and the readers, and it is a source of information that the readers pay money for and therefore the newspaper must fulfill its contract no matter what. Therefore, the Freezing Point weekly magazine should be delivered into the hands of the subscribers. Yet for the person who made this decision, what did the social impact mean? What does the broad readership mean? What does the reputation of a mainstream newspaper mean? What do the party constitution and the national constitution mean? What does the image of Chinese reform mean? What does the image of the governing party mean? They regard the social instrument as a personal property to be disposed of at their own will.
At 730pm in the evening, I received a call from the publisher and editor-in-chief to go and speak to them. The decision about me was made by the League Central Propaganda Department. The "decision" gave Mr. Yuan Weishi an uncalled-for label and then announced that Freezing Point will be stopped for reorganization. Apart from the personal attacks against the editor-in-chief and myself, there were also "economic sanctions." Who gave them that kind of power? They are so disgusting that I don't know whether to cry or laugh.
Of course, with the aforementioned background, this conversation was a farce. Obviously, this was controlled by a small number of people "above" in the background and the League Central was just playing the role of the fools. I used reasoning to condemn the "decision" as well as the absurdity of the Central Propaganda Department's News Criticisms. I told the publisher and editor-in-chief that I will formally complain to the party central disciplinary committee about this illegal act.
On the day when Freezing Point weekly magazine stopped publication, the newspaper received a large number of telephone inquiries from readers. I learned that readers are angrily terminating their subscriptions at the postal offices on account of the stoppage of Freezing Point.
A small number of people "above" have plotted for a long time to strangle Freezing Point. On June 1, 2005, on the 60th anniversary of the victory of the anti-Fascist war, Freezing Point published the essay on "Pingyingguan battle and Pingyingguan victory", in which we recorded the historical truth about how the Kuomintang and Communist Party worked together in the face of national survival to win the battle with their blood. This was different from the unification propaganda, because Freezing Point was the first in mainstream media to objectively report on how the Kuomintang army sacrificed tens of thousands of warriors in this battle.
This true historical account attracted the brutal criticism by the Central Propaganda Department's Criticism Group. What is the basis of their criticism? It was based upon the "XX year XX publisher's Chinese Communist Party history about the Pingyuanguan victory." The Freezing Point report "glorified the Kuomintang and debased the Communist Party." In the end, at the memorial meeting of the 60th anniversary of the victory in the anti-Fascist war, Communist Party General Secretary comrade Hu Jintao said in his memorial speech that he affirmed the contribution of the Kuomintang solders in the war of resistance against the Japanese. It was clear that who was right and who was wrong in this case.
When Lian and Soong completed their visits to Taiwan, the renowned Taiwan writer Ms. Lung Yingtai published a long essay at Freezing Point titled "The Taiwan That You May Not Know." The essay used a rich content to objectively and truthfully present to the people of China for the first time the changes and developments in Taiwan over the past few decades. It created a tremendous response and approval among readers and had an important impact on communication between the people on the two sides of the Taiwan strait. But this essay was accused by certain people within the Central Propaganda Department as being "against the Communist Party at every step" and their narrow-mindedness was truly astonishing.
On November 18, the party central held a solemn memorial for the great proletariat revolutionary Hu Yaobang's 90th birthday. Comrade Zeng Qinghong represented the Party Central Committee to pay tribute to Comrade Hu Yaobang's glorious accomplishments and he was warmly received by the people. But certain members in the Central Propaganda Department forbade the media to publish memorial articles of Comrade Hu Yaobang and required that all media can only publish the Xinhua release and nothing of their own creation.
On December 7, 2005, Freezing Point published Comrade Hu Qili's long memorial essay "The Yaobang of My Heart" and drew a tremendous response. The media inside and outside of China carried that essay. Numerous netizens posted comments to say how they had been moved to tears. About that well-received essay, the Central Propaganda Department called the newspaper to complain and claimed that the newspaper had violated rule of "not having any voluntary choice."! For those people, they felt no genuine emotion or grief over Comrade Hu Yaobang!
A small number at the Central Propaganda Department had numerous unreasonable complaints and criticisms against Freezing Point. For example, on November 30, 2005, Freezing Point published a reporter's investigation about the academic plagiarism by Wuhan law professor Zhou Yezhong. When professor Zhou was interviewed by the Freezing Point reporter, he said: "You better not mind this matter! Sooner or later, the Central Propaganda Department is going to come after you! Your editor-in-chief will come after you!" When the report was published, certain people at the Central Propaganda Department came after us and complained that the essay had major problems with editorial directions.
Under these pressures, Freezing Pont withdrew its follow-up report. On December 28, 2005, Freezing Point published a historical first weekly edition of only three pages. We ask just who the small number of people at the Central Propaganda Department were protecting?
Now, they are looking for a final accounting with Freezing Point! The essay of Mr. Yuan Weishi is just an excuse. Professor Yuan Weishi has published numerous works on contemporary history and he has great influence among intellectuals. When Professor Yuan wrote this article, it was based upon historical materials and his theoretical basis is about the rationality of openness. After the essay was published, it generated a great response. On any discussion of historical issues, it is necessary to have materials as well as viewpoints and to exchange ideas in a calm and peaceful manner in order to reach agreement. Of the many Internet commentary, even those netizens who disagreed with Mr. Yuan were very serious and their rebuttals were very solid. I have personally forwarded some of these comments to Mr. Yuan and he replied afterwards that these essays were very rigorous and he would seriously consider their viewpoints and make the appropriate responses. This is a healthy and normal kind of academic exchange. But the Central Propaganda Department Criticism Group used insults and characterizations in the style of the Cultural Revolution and then nothing else!?
This incident exposes the basic flaws in the news control system of our country. A small number of people in the Central Propaganda Department have a narrow worldview and mind and used dictatorial methods to impose controls that deaden what should be a lively political scene in which a hundred flowers bloom and a hundred schools speak out. These people want obedience and not equality. Which item in the party constitution of the Communist Party lets them do that?
We will write elsewhere about the flaws of our national news control system. Here, we just want to tell our colleagues, readers and friends just what had happened and why it happened. When one does not have the truth, one is afraid of debates; when one does not have the truth, one is afraid of openness. Although certain people in the Central Propaganda Department used their power to lock up all the media and websites, we believe that you will see this letter! You will know the power of truth!
We thank you sincerely!
China Youth Daily Freezing Point weekly magazine editor Li Datong
January 25, 2006
Posted by ACB at January 27, 2006 07:51 AM
Thank you, Peking Duck. I was waiting for someone to post this in Chinese!
Here is some news about the crackdown: From Reuters:
China is preparing to "strike hard" against rising public unrest, a senior police official said according to state media on Thursday, highlighting the government's fears for stability even as the economy booms.We get closer and closer to war for wars unite, ask Bush about this, and to redirect worker/peasant anger, all one has to do is give a little push and America teeters on the edge of destruction so we know, all it takes is a tiny push and off we all go, deep into that well of misery, WWIII.
An unnamed top official of China's Ministry of Public Security told a Wednesday meeting that China faced a long period of dangerous social discontent, Xinhua news agency said.
The latest unusually grim police diagnosis of China's social strains comes less than a week after Premier Wen Jiabao was reported as warning that corrupt land seizures in the countryside were stoking protests and riots.The Chinese rulers know they can't merely "crack down" or they might have a sudden revolution on their hands. They teach revolution in school and then try to undo it at work. This model won't work in the long run. I was amazed at how well the Chinese students reproduced various revolutionary posters, using flags, trucks and the famous Goddess of Democracy statue design.
"Some locales are unlawfully occupying farmers' land and not offering reasonable economic compensation and arrangements for livelihoods, and this is sparking mass incidents in the countryside," Wen said in a speech published on January 20.
Wen said the continued "reckless occupation" of farmland threatened "the stability of the countryside and whole economy and society." He promised stricter land controls and improvements to farmers' rights and income.
Real revolutions are breaking out all over the place like in Nepal. From the Independent:
Police in Nepal opened fire on pro-democracy demonstrators with live ammunition yesterday for the first time in almost a year, wounding at least three, in the resort town of Pokhara, in the shadow of Annapurna.My parents spent a lot of time in Nepal. They became close friends of the Royal Family and trust me when I say, the murder of that family was a palace coup, not the son suddenly going mad.
The country was shut down in a national strike called by political parties to protest against the dictatorial King Gyanendra. The streets of Kathmandu were deserted. Protesters attacked vehicles. Visitors could venture out of hotels only in special buses with banners reading "Tourists only". The bazaars of Thamel were empty and the shutters closed on shops selling Tibetan devil masks and Tintin T-shirts.
The right wing neocons were terrified when the King had started negotiations with the people of Nepal and was ceding authority to them and preparing for a real election. Now we have an evil despot ruling autocratically there, supported by the CIA and other American forces. And the country is literally burning down. The Chinese rulers are hysterical about this disorder on their valuable and vulnerable Tibetan border which is why they are so anxious to settle matters with India.
As the Chinese rulers play Go on the world stage, making one power move after another, they worry about the other game that is running, the very ancient game of People vs Rulers. They know, with prosperity comes happiness, but prosperity for only a few equals revolution for the many since there is something to loot. After all, any palace can be stormed if people are organized enough to endure dying while storming it!
And like the Muslims, the Chinese people are feeling energetic and powerful. They know, there is no escaping their fates, so they are ready to stand and fight.
From Cina Economic Review:
In an open letter threatening to take the case of the closure of the Bingdian Weekly to the Communist Party's disciplinary committee, editor Li Datong protested the shutdown as many mainland reporters expressed anger over censorship in chat-room messages, blogs and emails, reported the South China Morning Post. One website was organizing a petition while journalists proposed raising money for a legal challenge. An offending Bingdian article by a professor questioned the official history of the Boxer Rebellion and of the Communist-Kuomintang cooperation in World War II. Other articles, one outlining Taiwan's arguments for separate status, also sparked anger from the Communist Party’s propaganda department.Interesting, they are fighting back. I will keep on this story, hope they aren't sent to prison. We need world-wide freedom of speech.
Meanwhile, the Pentagon plans to do something about the net if we have a "war or terrorist attack"---namely, eliminate all non-propaganda, non-ruling class information access in America using the Chinese methods.
Previous Similar Articles
To return to homepage click here
To read more science news click here